House under construction.Roof with metal tile,screwdriver and roofing iron

Pittsburgh lock seam, Half gable roof, Hip, Rake, Gable Vent… What do these words mean, right?

If you’ve ever needed roof repair or roof installation in Macomb Michigan, you may have heard these expressions. These expressions are frequently used roofing terminology. Now, you may be wondering, why do I need to know this?

When it comes to roofs or roofing, most people aren’t familiar with the jargon and the terminology that’s used by professionals. Some may think that roofing terminology should be left to the pros, but every homeowner has a roof over their head. By knowing the basics, you might be able to fix minor corrections on your roof and possibly be able to help your contractors identify and resolve any problems that might occur. With this in mind, you may want to continue reading and broaden your knowledge of roofing terminology.

We know that it can get complicated because many contractors use different terms to describe the same service or roof area. Fortunately, there are a few terms which mean the same for all contractors, so you won’t feel like we’re speaking in a different language next time you call us!

Roof Structure

carpenter on roof trusses backlit with sunflare

Deck – This is the roof base, which provides the structure. More often than not, it’s made out of wood.

Eave – The border area of the roof, which hangs over the wall.

Gable Vent – A peak that ventilates the attic (for the hot air to escape). It is located at the end of the house, near the garage.

Hip – The point where the two roof structures meet. Hips form a ridge that runs all the way from the peak to the eave.

Rake – The outer ridge of the eave to the horizontal peak of your roof, or otherwise known, as the ridge.

Ridge Vent – This is an exhaust vent which goes along the roof’s peak. Ridge vents help release the hot air that might gather in your attic.

Under-eave Vent – This vent (located under the eaves) aids in drawing cool, dry air into the attic.

Products used for your roof

Roofer builder worker installing shingles on a new wooden roof with skylight

Architectural Shingles – Shingles with multiple layers of tabs. Apart from adding dimension to the roof’s appearance, these also make the roof more durable by providing more coverage.

Flashing – Metal pieces installed which prevent water leakage or seepage around the roof.

Ice and Water Barrier – These barriers are made out of a waterproof membrane that protects the roof against rain and ice.

Metal Drip Edge – A metal strip which enables water to run off the roof easily.

Underlayment – This is a protective sheet of materials between the shingles and the structural foundation of the roof.

Honestly, this is just the tip of the iceberg, a little introduction into roofing terminology. However, we hope that these few terms will give you a better understanding when it comes to your roof and its anatomy. As we have already said, this way, you will be able to catch potential roof damage early. If in doubt, feel free to contact Ridgecon. We can help you with all your roofing problems!